- October 4, 2019 | István Fekete

The Romanian Defence Ministry has postponed a joint Hungarian-Romanian on site fact-finding visit to the disputed Úz Valley military graveyard for the last week of October, putting the visit just after a planned demonstration of a radical Romanian nationalist group.

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Violent cemetery reservation 6 June | MTI-Hungary Today 02 October 2019

Hungary has turned to the Council of Europe’s Committee of Ministers over a dispute with Romania around a memorial site in the Úzvölgye (Valea Uzului) military cemetery in the country’s Harghita County, a lawmaker of ruling Fidesz said in Strasbourg on Tuesday. - September 12, 2019 | István Fekete

Far-right Orthodox nationalist groups and their leaders have a special gift, a “natural-born talent,” for promoting false data to their followers, which recently came into the spotlight due to the interethnic conflict caused by these people at the Úz Valley military graveyard on June 6. They deliberately ignore the information published in official documents and forcefully push their own myths and agenda, which causes unwanted tensions between Hungarians and Romanians. The latest such effort is a torch-lit march scheduled for October 25 at the Úz Valley cemetery in memory of the 149 Romanian soldiers who fell in the Úz Valley battle during World War I.

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Angry Romanians Break into Úzvölgye WW1 Memorial Site, Attack Peaceful Hungarian Protesters - September 5, 2019 | Attila Szoó

Based on charges by Romanian nationalist organizations the Romanian National Anti-Discrimination Council (CNCD) started to investigate the responsibility of some Transylvanian-Hungarian politician in connection to the Úz Valley incident that happened on the 6th of June 2019.

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Úz Valley - Csaba Böjte: laws should apply to everyone - August 27, 2019 | István Fekete

Thousands of people participated in the 25th commemoration of the World War II battle in the Úz Valley on August 26. The cemetery – which on June 6, 2019 served as a battlefield of an artificially generated ethnic conflict – and its surroundings were filled with Hungarians who came to pay homage to the memory of the fallen Szekler soldiers who faced the Russian army on the same day in 1944 (via Székelyhon). - August 23, 2019 | István Fekete

Representatives of the churches, communities, and local authorities will participate along with traditionalists in the 25th commemoration of the Úz Valley battle. Sándor Tamás, president of Kovászna/Covasna County Council, and Csaba Borboly, president of Hargita/Harghita County Council, called on all county citizens to participate in this event on August 26 at the cemetery where the fallen heroes’ remains rest.

Úzvölgye Cemetery: More Alleged Romanian Soldiers to Be in Fact, Hungarian – Péter Cseresnyés | 25 July, 2019

At this year’s Bálványos Free Summer University and Student Camp, the ethnic and diplomatic conflict between Romania and Hungary in connection to the Úzvölgye incident was a crucial topic. According to an official of the Hungarian Ministry of Defense, five out of the eleven soldiers buried in the Úzvölgye military cemetery who are considered Romanian citizens by the Romanian authorities, were in fact Hungarians. - July 25, 2019 | István Fekete

One of the highly anticipated discussions during the Tusványos summer camp was that about the Úz Valley military graveyard, and it wasn’t without its surprises: five of the eleven Romanian soldiers the Romanian government claims to be resting there were citizens of the Hungarian Kingdom, and a report from 1941 written by Romanians backs up the Hungarians’ data.

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Celtic cross - Úz Valley - July  22, 2019 | István Fekete

The illegally placed and forcefully inaugurated Úz Valley Memorial is not a legionary symbol – which is illegal in Romania, according to law – but a Celtic cross, a pre-Christian symbol taken from the Christian funeral culture, the National Institute for Romanian Holocaust Studies “Elie Wiesel” (INSHR EW) told TransparentNews. This symbol is used in cemeteries, places of worship, vestments, or church adornments, while admitting that the Celtic cross has been used by far-right extremists in the interwar period, both in Europe and the U.S.

MTI-Hungary Today | 11. 07. 2019.

A statement released by Romania’s foreign ministry on recent talks between the Hungarian and Romanian foreign ministers regarding unresolved bilateral issues will make it more difficult to improve ties, Foreign Minister Péter Szijjártó said on Wednesday.

Úz valley military cemeteryMTI-Hungary Today | 09.07.2019

Hungary’s foreign minister discussed with his Romanian counterpart Romania’s recently adopted administrative code and developments at a commemoration in that country’s WWI military cemetery at Valea Uzului (Úzvölgye), in Slovakia on Tuesday.

The source of information is AGERPRES | 09 July 2019

Szijjarto also urged Melescanu to help facilitate consultations between experts from both countries on the Valea Uzului cemetery and to hold a joint visit to the site as soon as possible.

Read the full article here: - 02.07.2019 | István Fekete

The recently modified emergency decree facilitating minority rights has prompted the same group of organizations responsible for the ethnic conflict at the Úz Valley military graveyard to organize a protest in front of the government building in Bucharest on Sunday, July 7 against the “Magyarization of Romania”, alleging that the new administrative law means Hungarian will become the second official language in Romania. They are demanding that the government cancel the modifications, because “Romania will become a Babel Tower because of this sinister experiment.”

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MTI-Hungary Today | 02.07.2019

“Anti-Hungarian voices” have become louder and “attacks” on the Hungarian minority stronger within Romania’s political elite, Foreign Minister Péter Szijjártó said in parliament on Tuesday and called for measures.

Hungary’s diplomacy “cannot stay silent”, Szijjártó added. He argued that in the international arena “the Hungarian position cannot be untouched by anti-Hungarian attacks and provocations” when issues concerning Romania are discussed. - 02.07.2019

The artistic concept of the illegally erected concrete crosses and the memorial in the Úz Valley military graveyard has been retrospectively approved by the Minister of Culture and National Identity. Although this doesn’t mean the ministry formally approves the illegally created Romanian parcel in the Úz Valley cemetery, it shows it is still possible to find a workaround when it comes to the rule of law and obtain permits retrospectively, so the course of the story can ultimately be changed. That is, if certain parties remain silent on the matter. But this time, on top of the illegality of the concrete crosses, there is one more thing: the memorial erected in the graveyard is a huge Celtic cross, which consists of a square cross interlocking with or surrounded by a circle, one of the most important symbols used by the far-right in Romania.

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The source of information is AGERPRES | 28 June 2019

The Ministry of National Defense states that indisputable archival evidence on the multinational character of the Valea Uzului heroes' cemetery was presented at the working meeting of the Romanian and Hungarian experts, but that the Romanian side has found with regret that the representative of Hungary's Institute and Museum for Military History has distorted the discussions.

Read the full article here: - 27.06.2019 | István Fekete

“Based on the archive sources we’ve shown to the Romanian delegation, it is obvious that the illegally erected concrete crosses were placed on top of the remains of the Austro-Hungarian soldiers, and we have asked our Romanian partners to terminate the current desecration of the Úz Valley military graveyard,” Colonel Vilmos Kovács, commander of the Institute and Museum of Military History and leader of the Hungarian delegation in Bucharest, told MTI. Both delegations have emphasized the importance of open and pragmatic communication as the proper way to find a solution acceptable to all interested parties.

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The source of information is AGERPRES | 27.06.2019

Romanian and Hungarian experts have discussed the controversial situation of the Valea Uzului cemetery at a working meeting.

Romania's Ministry of National Defence (MApN) reports that the working meeting of the experts was held in Bucharest on Wednesday in an attempt to look into shared interest in war cemeteries and memorials.

According to the ministry, the agenda of the meeting included the war hero cemetery at Valea Uzului, a multinational war necropolis.

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02 uz volgye valea uzului 2019 05 12MTI - Hungary Today | 27.06.2019

Talks on the Úzvölgye (Valea Uzului) memorial cemetery in Romania, a resting place of Hungarian WW1 soldiers, started between Hungarian and Romanian authorities, Colonel Vilmos Kovács, the head of the Hungarian delegation, told MTI on Wednesday. - 27.06.2019 | István Fekete

Angry Romanians break into the cemetery

RMDSZ Senator Barna Tánczos has announced on June 5, that Hungarians will protest against the inauguration of the illegally erected parcel by forming a human chain one hour ahead of the ceremony announced by the Dărmănești Mayor’s Office. On June 6, 2019, at 4.00 p.m. several hundred Hungarians meet and walk toward the graveyard and form a human chain. Politicians, civilians, men, and women are there, and peacefully try to stop the ceremony.

Read the full article here: - 26.06.2019 | Dénes Albert

The Hungarian and Romanian defense ministries begin talks today in Bucharest on settling the issue military graveyards on one another’s territories, particularly the Úz valley cemetery where an illegally erected war memorial of Romanian heroes was forcefully inaugurated on June 6, Hungarian news agency MTI reports.

Read the full article here: - 26.06.2019 | István Fekete

Inauguration postponed, border dispute remains

On May 12, 2019, thousands have gathered and prayed for the Úz Valley graveyard during the ecumenical worship organized on the site. “What’s interesting, though, is that on May 12, when the Harghita County Council organized the ecumenical worship in the Úz Valley cemetery, it was required by law to notify the gendarmerie in time about the event. However, at that time, the Harghita County Gendarmerie said that it wasn’t competent in this matter, but the Bacău County Gendarmerie is. So we notified them as well. However, after the scandal in the Úz Valley, the Harghita County Gendarmerie again became competent on the matter and fined me for failing to notify them in time about the demonstration,” Csaba Borboly told Transylvania Now

Read the full article here: - 25.06.2019 | István Fekete

Dărmănești hijacks the land administered by Csíkszentmárton

On January 29, 2019, Csíkszentmárton’s Mayor notifies the Harghita County prefect about the actions Dărmănești is preparing; that is, to attach the Úz Valley settlement to the city of Dărmănești, an action they consider illegal, as that settlement was part of Csíkszentmárton. Although there are no visible signs of progress in the “rehabilitation works” on March 29, 2019, the Dărmănești local council makes a major move: it changes the status of the Úz Valley cemetery from private domain to public domain.

Read the full article here: - 24.06.2019 | István Fekete

ONCE delegation visits the Úz Valley graveyard

“I first heard about ONCE in 2015 when they asked for data about the military cemeteries administered by us, and they also reached out to other local authorities in other counties in this matter. They also reminded us that we need to administer these cemeteries and draw our attention to a celebration day, October 25, the Romanian Armed Forces Day, [Defence Minister’s Order from Oct. 10, 2005]. My answer was, that I firmly believe the graveyard is maintained and in good condition; we do our best to maintain its condition,” Gergely told Transylvania Now. Later that year, a delegation arrived in Csíkszentmárton and visited the two military graveyards administered by this local authority, including the Úz Valley site

Read the full article here: - 24.06.2019 | István Fekete

Romania is no stranger to interethnic conflicts: just consider the March 1990 events between Hungarians and Romanians that led to the deaths of five people (two Romanians and three Hungarians), and close to 300 injured people. Following a series of events backed by documents of questionable legality, orchestrated by the city mayor of Dărmănești and the people backing him, on June 6 the military graveyard in Úz Valley became the scene of the most serious inter-ethnic conflict of the past decade.

Read the full article here: - 19.06.2019 | István Fekete

The rain couldn’t stop several hundred participants attending a peaceful demonstration against what has happened to the graveyard in the Úz Valley, organized by the Hungarian People’s Party of Transylvania (Erdélyi Magyar Néppárt or EMNP) in downtown Csíkszereda/Miercurea Ciuc.

Csíkszereda Protestors Demand Úzvölgye Cemetery’s RestorationHungary Today – Ábrahám Vass | 19.06.2019.

In yesterday’s demonstration held in Csíkszereda (Miercurea Ciuc), organiser Hungarian People’s Party of Transylvania (EMNP) demanded “the immediate suspension of the nationalization of the Úzvölgye (Valea Uzului) military cemetery,” “its restoration,” and the “resignation of Hargita (Harghita) County’s prefect.” - 13.06.2019 | István Fekete

Vice-president of the Kovászna/Covasna County Council Róbert Grüman has been fined 3,000 RON (~€635) by the Hargita/Harghita County gendarmerie on the grounds that the peaceful demonstration of the Szeklers in front of the Úz Valley cemetery wasn’t announced 48 hours in advance, as specified by law.

Read the full article here: - 13.06.2019 | Dénes Albert

The Romanian Defense Ministry invited on Wednesday its Hungarian counterpart to discuss the issue of military graveyards in general and that of the Úz valley one in particular, Romanian new agency Agerpres reports.

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MTI-Hungary Today | 13.06.2019.

Romania should punish those “truly responsible” for the violent incident in the Úzvölgye (Valea Uzului) memorial cemetery instead of penalising peaceful commemorators, Hungarian Foreign Minister Péter Szijjártó said in Budapest on Thursday.

Hungary expects Romania to conduct a “fair review” of last Thursday’s clash in the cemetery in eastern Romania, he said. - 11.06.2019 | Dénes Albert

Hungarian Foreign Minister Péter Szíjjártó spoke over the phone on Monday with his Romanian counterpart, Teodor Meleșcanu, in an attempt to solve the diplomatic dispute over an Austro-Hungarian military graveyard in Transylvania, vandalized last week by Romanian nationalists.

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MTI-Hungary Today | 11. 06. 2019.

The Hungarian government expects Romania’s authorities to restore the Úzvölgye (Valea Uzului) military cemetery “to its original state”, Foreign Minister Péter Szijjártó said in parliament on Tuesday.

In agreement with Romania’s ethnic Hungarian RMDSZ party, the government considers restoration of the shrine “the only acceptable decision”, Szijjártó said. - 07.06.2019 | Dénes Albert

An infamous colonel was in charge of the Gendarmerie forces (see footnote) at the site of the attack of Romanian nationalists against the Úz valley Austro-Hungarian military graveyard, Romanian press reports.

Colonel Sebastian Cucoș was the commander of the Gendarmerie at the time when last August the force brutally dispersed an anti-government demonstration during which dozens of protesters have been severely injured.

Read the full article here: | Press releases | 07.06.2019

Hundreds of Romanians broke into a graveyard of Hungarian war heroes in Úz Valley (Valea Uzului in Romanian), a Transylvanian village on 6 June 2019 to lay wreaths at the illegally erected stone crosses of Romanian war heroes purportedly laying in the World War I Hungarian-Austrian military graveyard. The violent crowd broke through the police cordon and the live chain formed by a peaceful gathering of the members of the Hungarian community trying to protect the graveyard. They tore down the gate and broke into the cemetery to hold a commemoration, all while vandalizing several of the Hungarian graves, making provocative chants and throwing stones at the Hungarians present.

The source of information is AGERPRES | 7 June 2019

Chairman of the Hungarian Democratic Union of Romania (UDMR) Kelemen Hunor said on Friday that he will take all the legal steps with international bodies from the European Union to all of Romania's partners in connection with the incidents at the Valea Uzului military cemetery, adding that UDMR representatives will document their complaint with pictures and video recordings so that the world may see "how a majority behaves with a minority at a very sensitive moment."

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The source of information is AGERPRES | 7 June 2019

The Romanian Ambassador in Budapest has not refused reporting to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry, but suggested that the meeting be held on Monday, according to Romania's Foreign Affairs Ministry (MAE).

"With regard to the invitation of the Romanian ambassador in Budapest at the Hungarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade, we would like to inform that the meeting was not rejected by the Romanian side, which suggested that it take place on Monday," according to MAE.

Read the full article here: - 07.06.2019 | Dénes Albert

“An angry, Romanian crowd broke into a WWI-era Austro-Hungarian military cemetery on Thursday, surging past a picket of praying, ethnic Hungarians and, despite a massive police presence, began laying wreaths at the illegally erected stone crosses of purported Romanian war heroes.” This troubling event yesterday was the most poignant news item to come from Transylvania in some time.

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MTI-Hungary Today | 06.06. 2019.

Zsolt Semjén, Hungary’s deputy prime minister in charge of Hungarian communities abroad, church policy and national and ethnic minorities, visited the Úzvölgye (Valea Uzului) military cemetery in Romania’s Harghita County on Wednesday.

Úz valley - 6 June – Péter Cseresnyés | 2019.06.07.

Angry Romanian nationalists broke into a Hungarian WW1 memorial site in Úzvölgye, Romania. First, they were battling the Romanian Gendarmerie, then started abusing the peacefully protesting ethnic Hungarians with flagpoles. Later they broke through the cemetery gate to the stone cross monument and the site. The Hungarian government has submitted a letter of protest, and the Romanian ambassador to Hungary was summoned for a meeting in the foreign ministry, which the Ambassador refused. Instead, the Romanian Foreign Minister asked his Hungarian counterpart to send a “clear message to the Hungarian community to avoid confrontation and escalation of tensions.”

57 ziua eroilor valea uzului | Dénes Albert

An angry Romanian crowd broke past a picket of praying ethnic Hungarians despite a massive police presence and began laying wreaths at the illegally erected stone crosses of purported Romanian war heroes in a WWI Hungarian-Austrian military graveyard.

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